Aboriginal people in the Charleville area undertake important work in looking after country and cultural artefacts, with support from the Department of Natural Resources and Mines and the National Landcare Program. This includes surveys of significant sites, fencing to protect artefacts, scarred trees and burial sites, and signage for those sites open to visitors. The rich Aboriginal history of this region means that there are still many areas where recording and protection of artefacts, scarred trees and sacred sites remains to be done. Artefacts such as stone tools are strewn on the grounds of privately owned properties, and old camping grounds along public waterways can be identified through the lumps of fired clay that were once camp ovens.
The Far South West Aboriginal NRM Group is the Traditional Owner advisory group for natural resource management in South West Queensland, representing Kooma, Bidjara, Kunja, Mardigan, Budjiti, and Kullilli people. There are projects to identify and protect Aboriginal sites, enhance cultural value and manage land sustainably, at Mt Tabor and at Murra Murra (also a part of the SW Indigenous Cultural Trail). Aboriginal people work with both government and universities on land management issues. For example, Traditional Owners from South West Queensland have advised government on the impacts which coal seam gas or coal mining developments might have on water sites that have cultural and spiritual values for Aboriginal people (http://www.southwestnrm.org.au/fswanrmg). Additionally, Aboriginal liaison officers with the Department of Natural Resources and Mines have worked with university researchers to identify local native grasses and their traditional uses, such as using the seeds to make flour (http://www.southwestnrm.org.au/sites/default/files/Page 19 - Indigenous Knowledge Transfer.pdf).